Ethereum Staking: How To Stake Ethereum

Ethereum price on a phone.
Credit: Unsplash

Ethereum price on a phone.
Credit: Unsplash

As of July 2022, over $13bn worth of Ethereum has been staked on the Ethereum 2.0 network, but what exactly is Ethereum 2.0 staking and its related rewards?

As Ethereum continues its upgrade to Ethereum 2.0, staking will overtake mining as the method for validating transactions when the Beacon Chain merges with the mainnet.

The most recent Ethereum news includes the announcement of the grand Ethereum merge that is set to take place in September 2022.

Here's what you need to know to get started.

What is Ethereum Staking?

Ethereum staking is the new method of verifying transactions on the Ethereum blockchain, which was first introduced with Ethereum 2.0.

Staking uses Proof-of-Stake (PoS) to validate these transactions. Holders can deposit ETH into the network to create new blocks, with Cardano staking following a similar procedure.

The full Ethereum 2.0 release date is set for September 19, 2022. The next phase - 'the merge' - will see ETH reduce its reliance on Proof-of-Work (PoW) algorithms. Bitcoin mining and Dogecoin mining both use PoW algorithms.

Read More: How To Cancel Ethereum Transaction: Can You Cancel ETH Transaction?

Alongside providing network security, one reason for the shift to staking is that it is seen as a less environmentally damaging practice compared to mining.

Vitalik Buterin, Ethereum's co-founder, has been a long-time advocate of the switch to Ethereum staking. Buterin has released several posts on PoS in the past five years.

Speaking at the virtual StartmeupHK conference in May, Buterin said:

Proof-of-Stake is actually a solution to [concerns about environmental issues], among many other things. It just requires far less resources to maintain.

How to Stake Ethereum

There are several different methods for staking Ethereum, depending on how much ETH you have to stake.

To activate the validator software for adding new blocks and processing transactions, you will need to deposit 32 ETH. If you have 32 ETH and want to create your own solo Ethereum node, then you can follow Ethereum's official guide here.

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However, if you don't have 32 ETH, or don't want to go through the process of becoming an Ethereum validator, you can instead join a staking pool.

Staking pools set up the validation process, and do not require 32 ETH to join. These pools will charge a fee for their service. Many cryptocurrency exchanges, such as Kraken, Coinbase, and Binance run these pools.

As Ethereum 2.0 has yet to fully upgrade, stakers will not be able to withdraw any of their deposited ETH until the upgrade is finished.

As far as ETH mining is concerned, several exchanges including Binance and FTX have decided to credit back Ethereum PoW forked tokens back into the users accounts if any such tokens are born out of the merge process.

Ethereum Staking Rewards

By validating transactions, Ethereum stakers are eligible to earn staking rewards.

There is no fixed rate for Ethereum's staking rewards, with the returns depending on a number of factors in the network, including the total ETH staked, for example. Current estimates for the rewards also vary, with ledger and Kraken posting : "Rewards are expected to be between 5% to 7% per with a maximum reward of 18% a year.

With 13,783,751 ETH currently staked at the time of writing, this will yield an estimated APR of 4.2%, according to the Ethereum Launchpad.

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